Visn. Nac. Akad. Nauk Ukr. 2016. (4):53-64
http://doi.org/10.15407/visn2016.04.053

A.А. Protasov
Іnstitute of Hydrobiology of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,Kyiv

SYSTEM CONCEPT OF BIOSPHERE EVOLUTION AND THE MODERN ENVIRONMENTAL CRISIS

Abstract:
The biosphere is a complex of bioinert systems, the smallest structural unit of which is an ecosystem or biogeocoenosis. The biosphere has a hierarchical structure. The approach to examining the structure of the biosphere is based on the detected by V.I. Vernadsky films in the structure of the biosphere. This change appears in the history of the biosphere as a series of separate observed or reconstructed on the basis of paleontological, paleoclimatic, geological data states. The dynamic evolution of the biosphere system is formed by the trends of evolution as information channels, which determine the nature and direction of development in one or another aspect of evolution – genetic, ecomorphic, ecosystem and others. One of the "youngest" trends is anthropocultural trend, a manifestation of which is the formation of the biosphere anthropogenic ecosystems. They include not only live and bioinert natural elements but also man-made elements. At the core of noospherogenesis lies the change of natural ecosystems with different types of man-made ecosystems. Modern ecological crisis can be viewed as a logical step in the evolution of the biosphere, preceding the transition to its new state – the noosphere.
Keywords: biosphere, evolution, biogeome, biospheromeron, ecosystem, noospherogenesis.

 

Language of article: ukrainian

 

 

REFERENCES

  1. Khaylov K.M., Prazukin A.V., Smolev V.A. Keywords for life to start the ХХI century. (Moscow: Pero, 2014). [in Russian].
  2. Khen J. Is Darwinism the base of materialistic worldview? In: Charles Darwin and Modern Biology. Proc. Int. Sci. Conf. (21–23 Sept. 2009, Saint Petersburg, Russia). P. 761. [in Russian].
  3. Lovelock J.E. Gaia: a New Look at Life of the Earth. (Oxford University Press, 2000).
  4. Vernadskiy V.I. The Biosphere. (Copernicus, 1998).
  5. Protasov A.А. Biogeomе as a structural unit of the biosphere. Biosphere. 2012. 4(3): 280. [in Russian].
  6. Protasov A.А. The macrostructure of the biosphere and place of biogeomе in it. Biosphere. 2013. 5(4): 384. [in Russian].
  7. Zaytsev Yu.P. On Contour Structure of Biosphere. Hydrobiological Journal. 2015. 51(3): 3. [in Russian].
  8. Lewandowski Z. Structure and function of bacterial biofilms. Corrosion. 1998. 296: 1.
  9. Wathnick P., Kolter R. Biofilm, city of microbes. J. Bacteriol. 2000. 182(10): 2675.
  10. Schmalhausen I.I. Cybernetic Issues of Biology. (Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1968). [in Russian].
  11. Schmalhausen I.I. Factors of Evolution. The Theory of Stabilizing Selection. (Moscow: Nauka, 1968). [in Russian].
  12. Zherikhin V.V. Selected Works on Paleoecology and Phylocoenogenetics. (Moscow, 2003). [in Russian].
  13. Lashin S.A., Suslov V.V., Matushkin Yu.G. Theories of biological evolution from the viewpoint of the modern systemic biology. Russian Journal of Genetics. 2012. 48(5): 481.
  14. Wiener N. Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. (Paris, 1948).
  15. Zavarzin G.A. Antimarket in nature. Priroda. 1995. (5): 46. [in Russian].
  16. Möbius K. Die Auster und Austernwirtschaft. (Berlin: Verlag Wiegand, Hempel und Parey, 1877). 127 S.
  17. Gorshkov V.V. et al. Biotic regulation of the environment. Russian Journal of Ecology. 1999. 30(2): 105.
  18. Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.V. Revising the fundamentals of ecological knowledge: the biota-environment interaction. Ecological Complexity. 2004. (1): 17.
  19. Darwin Ch. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. (John Murray, 1859).
  20. Krasilov V.A. Unsolved problems of the theory of evolution. (Vladivostok, 1986). [in Russian].
  21. Sorokhtin O.G., Ushakov S.A. The development of the Earth. (Moscow, 2002). [in Russian].
  22. Vernadsky V.I. Living matter. In: Selected scientific work of Academician Vernadsky. V. 4. Book 2. (Kyiv, 2012). [in Russian].
  23. Kamshilov M.M. Organization and evolution. Journal of General Biology. 1970. 31(2): 157. [in Russian].
  24. Kordyum V.A. Evolution and biosphere. (Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 1982). [in Russian].
  25. Rozenberg G.S. Atlas of Ecology. (Toliatti, 2014). [in Russian].
  26. Alymov A.F., Bogatov V.V., Golubkov S.M. Production Hydrobiology. (Saint Petersburg, 2013). [in Russian].
  27. Margalef R. Perspectives in Ecological Theory. (Univ. Chicago Press, 1968).
  28. Odum E. Basic Ecology. (Harcourt Brace College Pub., 1963).
  29. Puchkovsky S.V. Evolution of byosystems. (Izhevsk, 2013). [in Russian].
  30. Krassilov V.A. Evolution: System Theory. (Sofia-Moscow: Pensoft, 2014).
  31. Berg L.S. Nomogenesis or evolution determined by law. (Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1926).
  32. Protasov А. The bouquet of evolutionary coherences: the prospects of the system theory of evolution. Botanica Pacifica. 2015. 4(2): 9.
  33. Takhtadzhyan A.L. Principia tektologica. (Saint Petersburg, 1998). [in Russian].
  34. Gilyarov A.M. Ariadne’s thread of the evolutionism. Vestnik RAS. 2007. 77(6): 508. [in Russian].
  35. Vernadsky V.I. Biosphere and Noosphere. In: Selected scientific work of Academician Vernadsky. V. 4. Book 2. (Kyiv, 2012). [in Russian].
  36. Zavarzin G.A. Antipode of noosphere. Vestnik RAN. 2003. 73(7): 627. [in Russian].
  37. Yablokov A., Levchenko V., Kerzhentsev A. The decision exists: transition to controlled evolution of the biosphere. Philosophy & Cosmology. 2015. 14: 92.
  38. Buryak V. Noospherogenesis, Globalization and Modern Info Space. (Simferopol, 2014). [in Russian].
  39. Adoption of the Paris Agreement. http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2015/cop21/eng/l09r01.pdf.
  40. Zavarzin G.A. Vestnik RAN. 1995. 65(1): 8. [in Russian].
  41. Ramsar Handbook 4. 2010. Avian influenza and wetlands. http://www.ramsar.org/