Visn. Nac. Akad. Nauk Ukr. 2015. (11): 29-40

Yu.V. Shtanov
Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

According to the materials of scientific report at the meeting of the Presidium of NAS of Ukraine September 23, 2015

The totality of the data of astrophysical observations indicate the presence of a peculiar substance in the universe that manifests itself only by its gravity. This invisible and transparent substance is called dark matter. The modern theory of evolution of the universe is consistent with the observational data only provided the dark matter consists of particles of hitherto unknown nature. Study of the properties and elucidation of the nature of dark matter is one of the most important problems of fundamental physics, astrophysics and cosmology. In this report, we describe how scientists, including those in Ukraine, explore the properties of dark matter that might shed light on the nature of this phenomenon.
Keywords: dark matter, dark energy, astrophysics, cosmology, particle physics, theory of gravity. 


Language of article: ukrainian


  1. Zwicky F. Der Rotverschiebung von extragalaktischen Nebeln. Act. Helv. Phys. 1933. 6: 110.
  2. Clowe D., Bradač M., Gonzalez A.H., Markevitch M., Randall S.W., Jones C., Zaritsky D. A direct empirical proof of the existence of dark matter. Astrophys. J. 2006. 648(2): L109.
  3. Oort J.H. The force exerted by the stellar system in the direction perpendicular to the galactic plane and some related problems. Bull. Astron. Inst. Neth. 1932. 6: 289.
  4. Sanders R.H. The Dark Matter Problem: A Historical Perspective. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).
  6. Abazajian K.N. et al. Light sterile neutrinos: a white paper. arXiv:1204.5379 [hep-ph].
  7. Klasen M., Pohl M., Sigl G. Indirect and direct search for dark matter. Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 2015. 85: 1.
  8. Boyarsky A., Ruchayskiy O., Iakubovskyi D., Franse J. Unidentified line in X-ray spectra of the Andromeda galaxy and Perseus galaxy cluster. Phys. Rev. Lett. 2014. 113(25): 251301.
  9. Bulbul E., Markevitch M., Foster A., Smith R.K., Loewenstein M., Randall S.W. Detection of an unidentified emission line in the stacked X-ray spectrum of galaxy clusters. Astrophys. J. 2014. 789(1): 13.
  10. Iakubovskyi D., Bulbul E., Foster A.R., Savchenko D., Sadova V. Testing the origin of ~3.55 keV line in individual galaxy clusters observed with XMM-Newton. arXiv:1508.05186 [astro-ph.HE].
  11. Iakubovskyi D. Observation of the new line at ~3.55 keV in X-ray spectra of galaxies and galaxy clusters. arXiv:1510.00358 [astro-ph.HE].
  13. Milgrom M. A modification of Newtonian dynamics as a possible alternative to the hidden matter hypothesis. Astrophys. J. 1983. 270: 365.
  14. Pal S., Bharadwaj S., Kar S. Can extra dimensional effects replace dark matter? Phys. Lett. B. 2005. 609(3–4): 194.
  15. Viznyuk A., Shtanov Yu. Spherically symmetric problem on the brane and galactic rotation curves. Phys. Rev. D. 2007. 76(6): 064009.
  16. Krasnov K., Shtanov Yu. Halos of modified gravity. Int. J. Mod. Phys. D. 2009. 17(13–14): 2555.
  17. Novosyadlyj B., Pelykh V., Shtanov Yu., Zhuk A. Dark Energy and Dark Matter in the Universe. Vol. 1. Dark Energy: Observational Evidence and Theoretical Models. (Kyiv: Akademperiodyka, 2013).
  18. Shulga V.M., Zhdanov V.I., Alexandrov A.N., Berczik P.P., Pavlenko E.P., Pavlenko Ya.V., Pilyugin L.S., Tsvetkova V..S. Dark Energy and Dark Matter in the Universe. Vol. 2. Dark Matter: Astrophysical Aspects of the Problem. (Kyiv: Akademperiodyka, 2014).
  19. Vavilova I.B., Bolotin Yu.L., Boyarsky A.M., Danevich F.A., Kobychev V.V., Tretyak V.I., Babyk Iu.V., Iakubovskyi D.A., Hnatyk B.I., Sergeev S.G. Dark Energy and Dark Matter in the Universe. Vol. 3. Dark Matter: Observational Manifestation and Experimental Searches. (Kyiv: Akademperiodyka, 2015).