Visn. Nac. Akad. Nauk Ukr. 2016. (1): 20-29

F.A. Danevich, V.V. Kobychev, V.I. Tretyak
Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Nobel Prize in Physics 2015

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2015 was awarded jointly to Arthur B. McDonald (Canada) and Takaaki Kajita (Japan) "for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass." Observation of the neutrino oscillations is the first effect beyond the Standard Model of elementary particles, whose role for the further development of science is exceptionally important. The main steps of the neutrino and the weak interaction investigations, in particular of those awarded by the Nobel Prize in 2015, are presented. The contribution of the Ukrainian scientists to neutrino researches, prospects for their participation in the current and future international neutrino projects are briefly discussed.
Keywords: neutrinos, weak interaction, neutrino mass, neutrino astrophysics, low-background experiments.


Language of article: ukrainian


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