Visn. Nac. Akad. Nauk Ukr. 2016. (4):53-64

A.А. Protasov
Іnstitute of Hydrobiology of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,Kyiv


The biosphere is a complex of bioinert systems, the smallest structural unit of which is an ecosystem or biogeocoenosis. The biosphere has a hierarchical structure. The approach to examining the structure of the biosphere is based on the detected by V.I. Vernadsky films in the structure of the biosphere. This change appears in the history of the biosphere as a series of separate observed or reconstructed on the basis of paleontological, paleoclimatic, geological data states. The dynamic evolution of the biosphere system is formed by the trends of evolution as information channels, which determine the nature and direction of development in one or another aspect of evolution – genetic, ecomorphic, ecosystem and others. One of the "youngest" trends is anthropocultural trend, a manifestation of which is the formation of the biosphere anthropogenic ecosystems. They include not only live and bioinert natural elements but also man-made elements. At the core of noospherogenesis lies the change of natural ecosystems with different types of man-made ecosystems. Modern ecological crisis can be viewed as a logical step in the evolution of the biosphere, preceding the transition to its new state – the noosphere.
Keywords: biosphere, evolution, biogeome, biospheromeron, ecosystem, noospherogenesis.


Language of article: ukrainian




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