Visn. Nac. Akad. Nauk Ukr. 2018. (1): 62-74

V.V. Morgun, S.Ya. Kots
Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv


The article considers the importance of biological nitrogen in increasing the productivity of agricultural plants and the fertility of soils. The state and prospects of fundamental research in the field of atmospheric nitrogen biological fixation are characterized, the advantages of microbial nitrogen fixing preparations are shown in comparison with nitrogen fertilizers.
Keywords: biological nitrogen fixation, symbiosis, transposon mutagenesis, strains, nodule bacteria, free-living nitrogen-fixing bacteria, associative microorganisms, mineral fertilizers, microbial preparations, plant productivity.

 Language of article: ukrainian


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