Visn. Nac. Akad. Nauk Ukr. 2020.(12):31-49

Serhiy V. Komisarenko
Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

Svitlana I. Romaniuk
Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2020

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2020 was awarded to two researchers in the field of molecular biology: French Emmanuelle Charpentier, who currently heads the Max Planck Unit for the Science of Pathogens (Berlin, Germany), and American Jennifer Doudna of the University of California (Berkeley, CA, USA) “for the development of a method for genome editing.” The press release of the Nobel Committee states that the winners have discovered one of the most powerful tools of genetic technology, CRISPR/Cas9, or so-called “genetic scissors.” This method has helped to obtain many important results in basic research. In particular, plant researchers have been able to create crops that are resistant to mold, pests and drought. In medicine, clinical trials of new methods of cancer treatment are underway, and the dream of curing hereditary diseases is about to become a reality. “Genetic scissors” have brought the life sciences to a new stage of development and are of great benefit to mankind.
Keywords: Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Emmanuelle Charpentier, Jennifer Doudna, genome editing, CRISPR/Cas9.

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