Visn. Nac. Akad. Nauk Ukr. 2018. (3):56-66

A.G. Shapar, A.V. Mikheyev
Institute for Nature Management Problems and Ecology of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Dnipro


The problems of ecological systems destabilization under the influence of anthropogenic factors in the process of economic use of natural resources are considered. Based on the notions of ecological stability and the mechanisms of natural self-regulation, the essence of the processes of ecosystems destabilization is analyzed, the reasons for their emergence and the development tendencies are discussed. The signs reflecting the presence of the destabilizing process of the ecological component of complex techno-ecosystems are determined. A system of criteria is proposed to establish indicators of destabilization, which are the results of various changes in the structural and functional organization of ecosystems. The necessity of preserving and maintaining the evolved processes of natural self-regulation as a condition for the stable functioning of complex techno-ecosystems and the basis for carrying out measures for restoring and optimizing of destabilized ecosystems is discussed. The solution of these problems should be considered as a priority task in the development and implementation of sustainable development strategies with the aim of harmonizing the interaction of the techno- and biosphere within the framework of rational nature management.
Keywords: ecological stability, natural mechanisms of self-regulation, anthropogenic factors, structural and functional organization of ecosystems, rational nature management, nature protection.

 Language of article: ukrainian


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