Visn. Nac. Akad. Nauk Ukr. 2015. (6): 43-54.

I.M. Naumko, M.I. Pavlyuk, Yo.M. Svoren, M.I. Zubyk
Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv


In this paper we have demonstrated the important role of coalbed methane in stepping up the fuel-power potential of Ukraine. Its significance is considered at the present stage as a powerful additional source of energy side by side with hydrocarbons of conventional and unconventional (basin-centered tight gas, “shale” gas, tight gas etc.) sources that comes up, first of all, from uncertainty of the distribution and the correlation of all possible factors of the risk while extracting other fuel minerals and from the availability of considerable resources and reserves of methane in the gas-coal fields. On the basis of new physico-chemical model of the deep mineral- and hydrocarbon-genesis in the lithosphere of the Earth it was possible to substantiate the mainly abiogenic genesis of methane that indicates practically inexhaustible source of this kind of hydrocarbon raw material, because synthesis of hydrocarbons, methane in particular, in the bowels of the Earth, a high-power natural physico-chemical reactor, can occur in the geological chronology endlessly (!), which has refuted the affirmation about only biogenic origin of coalbed methane and methane of coal-containing rocks which a priori foresees its exhaustion. This acquires great significance for solving basic problems of genesis, migration and localization of hydrocarbon-containing fluids, in particular while forming gas(methane)-coal fields, the complex development of which with a synchronous profitable methane and coal production will create prerequisite for the intensive development of the methane-mining industry in Ukraine.

Keywords: methane, coal deposits, gas(methane)-coal fields, hydrocarbon-genesis, physico-chemical reactor, lithosphere.

Language of article: ukrainian.